Today’s transformer test engineers are yearning for field test equipment that is light and easily portable. DV Power’s newly available TWR–H handheld battery powered instrument meets with those credentials, weighing in at just 1.4kg.
TWR-H is intended for turns ratio and winding resistance measurement of single-phase and three-phase transformers. In addition, it can also demagnetize transformers.
The TWR-H is designed to be connected to one phase at a time, as illustrated in figure 1, which is an example of connecting to a high voltage (HV) and a low voltage (LV) winding of a three-phase transformer.
Because the unit is handheld and battery-powered, and that it can be connected to one phase at a time, it is ideal for testing distribution transformers where cables can be easily moved from one phase to another.
Winding Resistance Test
A common issue when testing winding resistance of distribution transformers is the selection of the test current. Distribution transformers have high turns ratios, and therefore high difference between rated HV and LV currents. Testing HV and LV windings simultaneously using the same test current can be challenging. The test current must be less than or equal to 10% of the HV rated current to prevent significant heating of the HV winding. However, such test current is very often too low for the LV winding and can cause incorrect LV winding resistance measurements.
For this reason, it is recommended to test the HV and LV windings with two different test currents, ideally with 10% of HV and LV rated currents, respectively. This is possible with TWR-H as it has two DC output sources. The first DC source, intended for testing the transformer’s HV side, can provide up to 2 A DC. The second DC source, intended for testing the transformer’s LV side, can provide up to 10 A DC. These currents are within 10% of the rated currents of most distribution transformers. This ensures quick and accurate winding resistance measurement.
Injecting a DC current through a transformer winding, as is done during winding resistance tests, will leave residual magnetism in the transformer core. This residual magnetism can cause various problems such as incorrect diagnostic test results (especially excitation current and FRA) as well as inrush and asymmetrical currents at start-up of a power transformer and incorrect operation of its protective relays. It is recommended to perform transformer demagnetization after completing winding resistance tests, and prior to turns ratio measurements.
TWR-H performs transformer core demagnetization using a proprietary program which applies a progressively decreasing DC current down to 0 A, continually changing its polarity as it does so. By reducing the magnitude of the applied current to the zero value, the total magnetic flux, or residual magnetism, is also annulled. Demagnetization is performed on the transformer’s HV side, using the first DC current source. The starting demagnetization current should be the same as the test current used for HV winding resistance test.
Turns Ratio Test
TWR-H is equipped with AC source that can provide up to 40 V AC. Our research shows that this voltage is high enough to obtain accurate turns ratio results on distribution transformers. Together with turns ratio, TWR-H also calculates ratio deviation, and measures excitation current and phase angle.
A low test voltage of 1 V AC can also be selected, which is necessary for verification of a current transformer’s (CT’s) turns ratio. By measuring the phase angle, the polarity of the CT can be checked.
For more information please contact Drallim Industries who represent DV Power in the UK.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | Tel: 01424 205140 | Web: www.drallim.com